Projector Reviews

Sony VPL-VW995ES 4K Home Theater Projector – Performance

Sony VPL-VW995ES Projector Review – Performance: Brightness by Mode, Affect of Lens Position, Affect of laser dimming control, Sharpness, Audible Noise


Mode Brightness Lumens
Bright Cinema: full wide (Brightest) 2049
Cinema Film 1 (mid-zoom) 1649
Cinema Film 2 1649
Reference 1633
TV 1647
Photo 1317
Game 1638
Bright Cinema 1772
Bright TV 1739
User 1649

One thing about Sony home theater projectors – there is no shortage of different Preset modes.  They produce a variety of color temperatures (warm whites, cool whites), amounts of image processing, amounts of dynamic contrast, etc.

As stated elsewhere, my two favorites for usage are Reference and Cinema Film 1 – which “right out of the box” without any adjustments but contrast and brightness (to keep from clipping near white and near black detail), provide a great looking picture with pretty accurate color.  Calibrated this projector should prove as accurate as any on the market.

As you can see from the table, there isn’t a whole lot of difference in measured brightness between most of the modes, yet some definitely come across as brighter, or at least much better able to deal with more than minimal ambient light.  Choose the mode that works best for your room, lighting, and of course, what you like best.

Effect of Lens Position

Lens Position Based on Bright Cinema Lumens
Wide Angle 2049
Mid-Zoom 1772
Telephoto 1372

As you can see, based on my measurements, the Sony VW995ES topped out at 2049 lumens (2200 claimed).  Now I had already adjusted Brightness and Contrast.  As a result the Contrast settings change may well have slightly reduced measured brightness.  No matter, the Sony is bright with most modes over 1700 lumens near the wide angle setting on the lens. Cinema Film 1, and most modes should have also measured over 1900 lumens in their wide angle position.  Nice.

VW995ES handles ambient light

Effect of Laser Engine Settings on Brightness

Laser Setting (Cinema Film 1 - mid-zoom) Lumens
100 1649
80 1506
40 1128
10 835

The VW995ES can be adjusted with settings from 100 down to 1.

I measured four different points – 100 – maximum, which delivered our 1649 lumens at mid-zoom in Cinema Film 1 mode.

Also 80 which only resulted in a drop of about 9%, 40, which drops down about 32%.

Going all  the way down to 10, reduced this mode’s brightness by 49%.  That drop of almost half is more than most lamp based projectors can do, and still work correctly.  Many lamp based projectors have a tendency for the lamp to flicker a little when the power is reduced more than about 35%-40%.

VPL-VW995ES Sharpness

All considered. I like to describe Sony’s native 4K projectors as looking naturally sharp. That’s not to say Sony isn’t using a fair amount of image processing, but you start out with the much smaller pixels of native 4K projectors.  There are two different 4K UHD DLP chips used in various 4K capable DLP projectors, in terms of the size of the pixels (in area) the better DLP chips are twice the size of Sony’s pixels.  The lesser DLP chip (1080p x 4) and the 4K capable 3LCD projectors, have pixels that are four times the size of this Sony.

In the Photo Player, there are a number of images.  First a batch of 4K, including some closeups. Then a full and close-up images of 1080i (sports) and the same for 1080p (movie).

Finally you will see the Bigalow Space Station rendering, and a close-up of one part of it, followed by the same close-up on a few additional projectors. Enjoy!

Don’t get me wrong, there’s so much image processing available on today’s projectors, that if you don’t mind some artifacts (such as hardness), you can make even a good 1080p projector that’s 4K capable, seem sharper, but definitely not as natural as a native 4K! (And, you can sharpen the Sony beyond normal too if you like that over sharpened look.)

Within the photo player is an interesting comparison, you can see the Sony on the space station rendering, and compare with the Epson 5040UB – there are two 5040UB close-ups.  One with their “Image Enhancement” turned off, and the other one with it set to 4 (second highest setting, highest I will use, but mostly I dial back to 2 or 3.  Note the whitish instead of blue lines where they intersect on the one Epson…

Those others rely on overlapping large pixels to get more detail, but, with the usual caveat of “all else being equal,” you will get more accurate detail with smaller pixels that do not overlap.

This second “sharpness” photo player has our comparisons using the Ghostbusters 2016 credits – lab scene.  

You can spot a bit too much edge sharpening in a few of the images. That is edges of objects and thick lines are likely to get brighter and whiter than the color of the object. That ups the contrast with adjacent areas, which we generally perceive as adding sharpness. That is, at least until we start noticing it and want it gone.